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Any disease that may occur in the gums endanger the oral and dental health. Inadequate dental care, malnutrition and some diseases cause infection in the gums. Gums, which form the basis of the mouth and teeth, lead to bad breath, bleeding or tooth loss if left untreated.

Gum disease can occur at any age. They can be treated easily and successfully when diagnosed in the early period, but it is often noticed in the future because it is a painless disease. It varies according to the area where it occurs, but gingivitis usually causes difficulty and pain during mouth movements and eating.

What are the Symptoms of Gum Diseases?

Symptoms include redness, swelling or tenderness in the gums. In addition, bad breath, sensitivity to hot or cold, inflamed formations, gum recession, bleeding during brushing or flossing are other symptoms.

What are the Causes of Gum Diseases?

The main cause of gum disease is microbial dental plaque. Microbial dental plaque destroys the tissues around the teeth and therefore initiates periodontal disease. In addition to microbial dental plaque, the use of tobacco products, diabetes, broken fillings, pregnancy, genetics or structural disorders in the teeth can trigger gum diseases.

What are the Types of Gum Disease?

Gum Bleeding: It may occur due to hard brushing of teeth, harsh use of dental floss or improper use of dentures. In addition to daily problems, it can also be a messenger of diseases such as leukemia, vitamin and thrombocyte deficiency. The first treatment method to be applied for patients in this category is regular oral care. In addition to these, drug treatments may be required for people who have a more advanced gingival bleeding problem and who make their daily life, eating and oral care extremely difficult.

Gingival Recession: Gingival recession, also known as periodontitis, is an infection that damages the soft tissue around the tooth and, if not interfered, will lead to the destruction of the bone that supports the teeth. Wrong and hard brushing, periodontal diseases, inadequate dental care, hormonal changes or tobacco use cause gingival recession. In the treatment of this disease, the dentist cleans the affected area deeply. On the other hand, medications or treatments may also be recommended, depending on the condition causing the gum recession.

Scaling and root planning and regenerative gingival surgery are the treatment methods in this disease. Scaling and root planning are used in moderate gingival recessions and deep cleaning is applied. In regenerative gingival surgery, if the supporting bones are damaged due to gingival recession, it is a method used to renew the lost bone and tissue.

Gum Aesthetics: Another name is gingivoplasty. It is the treatment that brings the teeth and gums to the desired appearance and standard by correcting the recession or asymmetrical disorders in the gingiva. Also known as pink aesthetic. During this treatment, laser applications, which last for an average of 15 minutes, are used, and since there is no bleeding during the treatment, it heals very quickly.

Gum aesthetics; It prevents the formation of inflammation in the teeth, prevents aesthetic concerns, eliminates bleeding and wounds.

Brushing and maintaining the teeth with a regular and correct technique every day is the most important method for keeping the gums healthy. In addition, according to the program recommended by the dentist, professional dental cleaning should be done on a regular basis. In addition, nutrition is very effective for gum health and protection of oral flora.